Key Takeaways:

  1. Dark matter, once considered a cosmic mystery, comprises 27% of the universe, surpassing detectable “normal” matter which constitutes only 5%.
  2. Dr. Melvin Vopson of the University of Portsmouth introduces a groundbreaking hypothesis suggesting information possesses mass, challenging the existence of dark matter.
  3. Information theory’s roots trace back to Claude Shannon’s breakthrough in the mid-20th century, establishing mathematics as a key tool in communication systems.
  4. John Archibald Wheeler extended this idea, asserting that everything in the universe derives from information.
  5. Vopson unifies special relativity with the Landauer Principle, positing that information not only holds energy but also has mass, introducing a new paradigm in physics.

The enigma of dark matter has perplexed scientists for decades, prompting a reexamination of cosmic foundations. Early observations in the 1920s revealed an incongruity in the universe’s matter distribution, suggesting there might be undetectable matter at play. Swiss astronomer Fritz Zwicky, , speculated that this unseen force, which he termed dark matter, provided the cohesion needed to keep galaxies intact. Though intriguing, his idea lacked empirical evidence and was swiftly dismissed.

In 1968, Vera Rubin’s study of the Andromeda Galaxy provided the first concrete clue. Her observations of stars’ rotational speeds defied Newtonian physics, signaling the presence of unseen mass. This anomaly was replicated across various galaxies in the ’70s, cementing dark matter’s existence. It is now estimated to constitute a substantial 27% of the universe, overshadowing the 5% of “normal” matter we can detect.

NASA writes: ‘This graphic represents a slice of the spider-web-like structure of the universe, called the “cosmic web.” These great filaments are made largely of dark matter located in the space between galaxies.’

Dark energy, an even more elusive cosmic constituent, accounts for a staggering 68% of the universe. While it fuels the universe’s expansion, dark matter shapes the clustering of “normal” matter, stabilizes galaxy clusters, and influences galaxies’ forms and motions.

Various theories have attempted to unveil the nature of dark matter. Some propose it resides in Massive Compact Halo Objects (MACHOs) like black holes and neutron stars, while others suggest Weakly Interacting Massive Particles (WIMPs) might be at play. Additionally, neutrinos, particularly the elusive neutral neutrinos, have been considered. The neutral axion and uncharged photino are also potential candidates.

A groundbreaking hypothesis emerges from Dr. Melvin Vopson, challenging the very existence of dark matter. Vopson posits the mass-energy-information equivalence, asserting that information is the elemental building block of the universe, endowed with mass. This revolutionary notion hails from Claude Shannon’s Information Theory, demonstrating that information wields a tangible influence.

John Archibald Wheeler furthered this concept, stating that everything emanates from information. Vopson takes it a step further by unifying special relativity with the Landauer Principle, connecting information to energy and mass. This theory, while currently applicable to digital systems, holds promise for broader applications in analog, biological, and even quantum realms.

Vopson’s hypothesis suggests that information, once created, possesses quantifiable mass. Although experimental confirmation is pending due to the lack of a suitable measuring device, the potential discovery of this fifth form of matter could revolutionize our understanding of the universe.

Notably, Vopson’s estimates align remarkably with M.P. Gough’s prior work on the information content needed to account for dark matter, offering a tantalizing bridge between these two groundbreaking concepts.

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