- Nobel Prize-winning physicist Sir Roger Penrose claims there was a universe before the Big Bang.
- He suggests that black holes may contain evidence of this earlier universe in the form of ‘Hawking Points’.
- These points are remnants of Hawking radiation from black holes in the previous universe.
- Some scientists are skeptical of this idea, as the existence of such radiation has yet to be confirmed.
- Penrose’s theory challenges traditional cosmology, much like how black holes were initially met with skepticism before their acceptance.
Sir Roger Penrose, a Nobel Prize-winning physicist celebrated for his contributions to Einstein’s general theory of relativity and the proof of black holes’ existence, has put forward a groundbreaking theory. He claims that there was a universe that preceded our Big Bang, and intriguingly, this earlier cosmos might still leave traces within black holes. Penrose’s theory revolves around ‘Hawking Points,’ mysterious spots of electromagnetic radiation scattered across the sky. According to him, these enigmatic points are remnants of a previous universe’s Hawking radiation, transported into our cosmos by black holes.
In his “conformal cyclic cosmology” theory, Penrose envisions a universe where these points signify the ultimate expulsion of energy from the older universe. Black holes, those enigmatic regions in space where matter collapses upon itself with gravitational forces so intense that even light can’t escape, play a pivotal role in this cosmic drama.
Recent evidence of a supermassive black hole at the heart of our Milky Way, recognized by Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez, who shared the Nobel Prize with Penrose, lends credence to the idea. Yet, a compelling aspect of Penrose’s theory is the potential timescale for the complete evaporation of a black hole, which could exceed the age of our current universe, rendering it undetectable.
Penrose boldly asserts, “The Big Bang was not the beginning. There was something before the Big Bang, and that something is what we will have in our future.” He envisions a universe continually expanding and evolving, with all mass eventually decaying away. In his intriguing theory, this remote future becomes the Big Bang of another aeon, with similar black holes generating these enigmatic Hawking Points in the sky. He points to mounting evidence, including these points being approximately eight times the diameter of the Moon and exhibiting slightly elevated temperatures, as support for his theory.
However, not everyone in the scientific community is convinced. Critics argue that the existence of radiation from these black holes remains unconfirmed. Moreover, Penrose’s hypothesis hinges on the idea that all particles lose their mass as the universe ages, a concept met with considerable skepticism in traditional cosmology.
Penrose himself acknowledges the skepticism, drawing a parallel to the early dismissal of black holes as purely mathematical entities before their eventual acceptance as real cosmic phenomena. He emphasizes that understanding the importance of black holes took time and persistence, suggesting that his theory, too, might require a similar journey toward acceptance in the scientific community.